A judge’s permission is required to bring contempt proceedings against an expert for allegedly providing false evidence, and being in breach of the statement of truth signed at the conclusion of the report. Such proceedings are rare. If contempt is proved, then punishments include imprisonment and fines, and the GMC is likely to be concerned as to the fitness to practise of the expert.
In Liverpool Victoria Insurance Company Limited v Khan and others on 21st June 2016 the judge gave permission for an insurance company to bring contempt proceedings against a medical expert, his instructing solicitor and an employee of the claims management company which was assisting the driver of a car to bring proceedings for damages for soft tissue injury caused in a road accident.
The first medical report, following an examination, referred to pain resolving within one week. A second report, bearing the same date, referred for the first time to muscle spasms and to pain continuing (some 2 months after the accident). Emails showed that the solicitor had asked the doctor to amend the original report because, it was said, the driver was still experiencing pain. In a statement the driver stated that his pain resolved in 3 days and said that he had not asked for the statement to be amended.
The doctor claimed in a statement to have amended the report on the basis of a letter received from the solicitor dated 5 days after the report’s date but the metadata for the electronic copy of the letter showed that it was created some 18 months later.
The judge found that there were inconsistencies in the doctor’s evidence that could not be explained as mere errors – details of the examination had changed and new symptoms were referred to, and it appeared that the doctor was happy to amend the report on request, accepting what he was told by the solicitor at face value, despite it contradicting the findings of his examination.
Of course there are circumstances where it may be legitimate to amend a medical report, but amendments must be for good reason. As paragraph 65 of the Guidance for the Instruction of Experts states experts should not be asked to amend or alter any parts of reports in a manner which distorts their true opinion, and should not include any suggestions from instructing solicitors that do not accord with their views.
It goes almost without saying that an expert must resist pressures to amend a report to include findings from an examination and reports from a claimant which are inconsistent with the doctor’s findings and his record of the examination, and must also remember the expert’s duty to the court and the contents of the statement of truth.